Two orioles, North India, c. 1610    The early Mughal rulers took a keen interest in the flora and fauna of their new empire. This composition of orioles among flowering plants, with one bird about to seize an insect, is closely related to European botanical and natural history studies which had begun to reach the Mughal court by the late 16th century. The upper bird is a male Indian Golden Oriole, the lower bird a male Black-hooded Oriole.

Two Orioles, Mughal, North India, circa The upper bird is a male Indian Golden Oriole (Oriolus kundoo), the lower bird a male Black-hooded Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus).

Hand-colored lithographic plate of a finch by F.W. Frohawk, from Foreign Finches in Captivity by Arthur G. Butler, 1894-96. (BRB 78683)

Hand-colored lithographic plate of a finch by F. Frohawk, from Foreign Finches in Captivity by Arthur G.

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رقم میرزا آقا اصفهانی سنه 1263 هجری قمری Persian Court Description, Flower study with bird; single-page painting mounted on album.

bird sitting on a flowering branch  Label: This painting is attributable to the late Zand or early Qajar period (twelfth century AH / eighteenth CE or thirteenth century AH / nineteenth CE

bird sitting on a flowering branch Label: This painting is attributable to the late Zand or early Qajar period (twelfth century AH / eighteenth CE or thirteenth century AH / nineteenth CE

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