Because of the weakening of the Ottoman Empire conservative Janissaries blocked needed military reform and allowed their state to lose ground to European rivals. Also the weakness in technology included the imperial navy.
Iran Politics Club: Iranian Military Uniforms Pictorial History Afsharid Persian Afsharid Imperial Persian Colonial Army Artilleryman with Short Barrel Cannon 18 AD Afsharid Army Artillerymen (Toopchi) were explosive experts and mighty great shots.
Portrait of a full armed ‘Efe’ (or: ‘Zeybek’) from the Izmir region. Late-Ottoman era, end of century. The ‘Efe / Zeybek’ were the century people’s militia of the Aegean coastal area, who sometimes turned themselves into professional brigands.