The evolution of the tughra's shape from Azza Alameddine's Blog: The Art of the Tughra

The evolution of the tughra's shape from Azza Alameddine's Blog: The Art of the Tughra

An illuminated firman with the tughra of Sultan Mahmud I (r.1730-54), Turkey, Ottoman, dated 1153 AH/1740 AD | lot | Sotheby's

An illuminated firman with the tughra of Sultan Mahmud I (r.1730-54), Turkey, Ottoman, dated 1153 AH/1740 AD | lot | Sotheby's

Tughra of Sultan Abdel Aziz (reign 1861–76) on a coin. From coinarchives.com (on Azza Alameddine's Blog: The Art of the Tughra)

Tughra of Sultan Abdel Aziz (reign 1861–76) on a coin. From coinarchives.com (on Azza Alameddine's Blog: The Art of the Tughra)

tughra

tughra

Ferman of Sultan Selim III-1794

Ferman of Sultan Selim III-1794

A late-Ottoman diamond and enamel pendant with 'tughra' (official seal) of Sultan Abdulmajid I (1823–1861). Mid-19th c.

A late-Ottoman diamond and enamel pendant with 'tughra' (official seal) of Sultan Abdulmajid I (1823–1861). Mid-19th c.

eda şahan - Besmele Tuğra

eda şahan - Besmele Tuğra

Sultan Abdülmecid Berat›

Sultan Abdülmecid Berat›

Sultan V. Mehmed Reflad Berat›

Sultan V. Mehmed Reflad Berat›

Sultan II. Selim Berat

Sultan II. Selim Berat

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