”Three different Turks”. Ca. 1880, Late-Ottoman Empire. From left to right: a ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army), a beggar (holding up his left hand) and – probably - a lower-rank military of the regular army, on leave.
Portrait of a full armed ‘Efe’ (or: ‘Zeybek’) from the Izmir region. Late-Ottoman era, end of 19th century. The ‘Efe / Zeybek’ were the 18th-19th century people’s militia of the Aegean coastal area, who sometimes turned themselves into professional brigands.
Turkish Lady, 1870s. via carolathhabsburg's tumblr.